Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent (the first being Asia). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.
That most of the world's population living under the weight of ignorance, poverty and disease are the people living in countries torn by conflict, insecurity and the spread of wars and conflicts, which has led to a lack of opportunities for peace and stability and the promotion of economic and social development. The wheel of peace and development and the realization of the aspirations and aspirations of peoples.